How to build Agro Shade Net House
As we living beings need ideal conditions to survive, so do the plants as well. Plants and vegetation are also alive as it carries all the necessary processes like respiration, photosynthesis, transpiration to thrive and get through each and every adverse condition.
As plants lack locomotory functions thus it is our primary duty to provide them with everything they need to make them a full-grown plant from seedlings.
Plants are exposed to several external factors and if these factors are above the threshold of requirement they could adversely affect them.
These factors include sunlight, wind, hailstorm, rain, and pests. Thus, to protect our plants in the garden or farm we use Agro shade net houses.
How to build Agro Shade Net House
Agro shade net houses consist of such a framework that is built to protect the plants from overexposure to all the above-mentioned external factors.
The primary aim behind using the agro shade net is to protect the plants from the harmful radiation of the sun.
Our atmosphere is exposed to all the heat waves and different types of UV rays. There are 3 kinds of UV rays namely
UV-A, UV-B, and UV-C out which UV -C is the most damaging though it’s mainly blocked by the ozone layer with the increasing global warming ozone hole are getting bigger day by day and the required protection of the earth atmosphere is compromised.
Thus, in an attempt to save the plants from the harmful heat radiation agro shade net house is used to provide them an optimal environment to grow.
How to build Agro Shade Net House
•MATERIAL REQUIRED FOR AGRO NET SHADE HOUSE:
1.Steel: To maintain firm stability of the agro shade net house, it is necessary to use the steel material to create the framework because using woods, polyvinyl chloride pipe, or bamboo in its place would not guarantee the safety of the shade house and is vulnerable to heavy rain, wind, and hail storm.
2.Agro shade net cloth: Agro shade net is also called agro net, agro green net. According to the area of your garden and farm choose the appropriate length of the shade cloth in order to cover the whole garden with it or you could leave a necessary space for proper aeration inside the shade house.
The tensile strength of the shade net material is high with proper flexibility and the presence of small-sized sieves in it for proper air circulation.
3.Techincal tools: To build the infrastructure of the shade house we need tools like a hammer, nails, drilling machine, fishing net wire, and angles are required. These are prerequisites before setting up an agro net shade house.
4.Sandpaper: after setting up the steel pipes and angles we need sandpaper to clean them before painting.
5.Paints: Applying primer and then paint helps the steel pipes have a good look as well as prevent them from moisture.
•TYPES OF AGRO NET SHADE HOUSE STRUCTURE:
1.DOME SHAPED: This is the most common shaped agro shade net house as it confirms its firm stability and is resistant to heavy wind and hailstorms.
2.FLAT ROOF /TERRESTRIAL ROOF: This type of shade house structure is highly rigid but lacks flexibility and can be easily damaged by the hailstorm. Thus, they are formed very less frequently.
3.CABLE TYPE: This type of shade house has very high tensile strength and is more suitable to protect the plant from insects like aphids, thrips, spider mites, and many more along with the prevention of overexposure to all kinds of other environmental factors.
4.TUNNEL TYPES: This type of agro net shade house is suitable for a large area of vegetation growing on the farm. It helps to maintain an optimal environment inside it throughout the entire length.
•QUALITIES OF AGRO SHADE NETS AVAILABLE IN THE MARKET:
The primary purpose to use agro shade nets is to protect the plants from harmful heat radiation.
Thus, the qualities of the shade nets are determined on the basis of how much light radiation it could prevent transferring inside from outside and are as follows :
i)40-45% shade nets i.e. they prevent 40-50% of heat radiations from coming inside the shade house. These are useful for plants that require at least 50% of light for photosynthesis like most fruit-growing plants in summers because of the excessive heat.
ii) 50% shade nets
iii) 70% shade nets
iv) 80% shade nets: these shade nets are quite thick and provide the least transparency across them and prevent 80% of the incoming heat radiations.
When you purchase an agro shade net, always check for the quality by passing the light through it. If it crosses 2500 lux then ok but below this range there will be no production in your garden or farms.
•AGRO SHADE NET DIFFERENT SHADE LIGHT RATIOS, THEIR PURPOSE, AND THEIR SUITABILITY FOR SPECIFIC PLANTS.
Agro shade nets come in different colors on the basis of the color they reflect and their power to block the incoming light and thus to provide the optimal environment for the specific plant.
Though full-grown plants like table palms, ferns are mostly not affected by the full sun exposure
The seedlings or graft need proper and controlled exposure to light thus here the role of the shade nets is quite necessary.
1.WHITE SHADE NET: in this, the shade is reflecting all the colors of the spectrum and thus we see white color. White net shade comes under 50-70 %UV protection. This type of shade is best for extra production but the stalk length of the plant is compromised according to the real-life workers on the field.
2.GREEN SHADE NET: This is the widely used shade net and comes under all qualities of UV protection.
The green shade net is also used in combination with white and black according to the requirements of the vegetation.
These shade nets are suitable for fruit-bearing plants like lemon, guava, and pomegranate to protect them from overexposure to heat.
Syngonium and Aglaonema are the plants that require the shade net otherwise they fail to grow in the heat of the summers.
3.BLACK SHADE NET: is the most suitable for the purpose of shade housing for long stem length plants. Black shade cuts the maximum amount of light entering and gives minimum diffusion.
Moreover black shading net keeps the inside of the house cool because of the black body radiation concept as the heat trapped in the shade net warms up the air inside the house making it lighter and thus the light warm air escapes from the holes reducing the temperature inside the garden.
4.CHROMATIC NET GREY: These shade nets are suitable to induce branching in the plants.
5.CHROMATIC NET BLUE: These shade nets are suitable for inducing internodal compaction of plants having lankiness in the nurseries.
6.RED SHADE NET: it’s suitable for a large number of plants and produces maximum productivity.
But caution should be taken that not to use a red shade net in an already hot environment because after the visible spectrum wavelength red shade net allows infrared light to enter the net and heats up the inside of the shade net making it difficult for the workers to work inside it. These shade nets are suitable for plants like ginger, garlic, and capsicums.
•STEPS TO BUILT AGRO NET SHADE HOUSE:
After selecting the perfect agro shade net according to the requirements of your plants with the help of the above-mentioned facts and suggestions and the required tools and other necessary material you are good to go for setting up the shade house in your garden or farm.
Usually, the correct time to set up a shade house is around the month of May to protect the plants from the excessive heat in the coming months.
1.Firstly assemble the steel pipes with the help of technical tools in a specific structure either into a dome-shaped or flat roof.
2.Then connect the gaps between the steel pipes with angles and net wire to confirm their stability.
3.Clean the steel pipes and net wires with sandpaper.
4.Then paint the structure to protect the infrastructure from any external damage.
5.Finally cover the structure with the agro shade net sheet and voila your shade house is complete.
6.Install a temperature scale in the shade net garden to know the temperature outside and shift your plant accordingly.
•COST OF SETTING UP AN AGRO SHADE NET HOUSE :
The cost of bamboo or wooden structure is around INR 360-710sq per meter.
The cost of steel is Rs. 50-60/ kg depending upon its quality.
The shade net cloth costs about Rs.100-200 per meter and the net wires cost Rs.200-300.
The cost of paint and primers is about INR 1500 plus the chargers of the workers for the job of doing so and setting up the framework which will be about Rs. 3000 or more.
Thus, the whole cost of setting up an agro net shade for 400sqft will be Rs. 20,000. This is a long-term investment as the lifespan of properly built and good quality shade houses is 10 years and more though there might be a need to change the shade net cloth as it is mostly exposed to all the environmental factors and may need replacement.
•BENEFITS OF HAVING AN AGRO SHADE NET HOUSE FOR YOUR GARDEN OR FARM:
i) Protection of the pants from excessive and harmful UV radiations and provide them an optimal environment to produce maximally.
ii) Leads to water conservation as because of the reduced transpiration the plant’s water requirements are less than before.
iii) Protect the plants from heavy wind and hail storms and prevent future damage.
iv) Keep the temperature inside the greenhouse cool especially in the black shade net house thus, most useful for plants and the workers working inside in summer.
v) Protect the plants from most of the insects that have the potential to damage the roots and shoots of the plants.
Thus, in light of the aforementioned benefits and requirements of plants the agro shade net house is a necessity nowadays to provide the optimal conditions to grow and to reap maximum productivity in the agricultural sectors.